Sunday, 30 April 2017    HomeAbout UsContact Us     



You are here: Home / More Topics >> / The Innovators / The Principles of the Haddaadiyyah
Yahya al-Hajuri And the Aqidah of the Jahmiyyah and Ash'ariyyah Regarding Negation of Wisdom From Allaah's Actions - Part 1
Filed under: The Principles of the Haddaadiyyah
Friday, July 05 2013 - by Manhaj.Com
Key topics: Yahya Al-Hajuri Haddaadiyyah Ghulaat Al-Haajooree

Bookmark and Share

Mail to a FriendPrinter friendly

A Brief Overview of Ilm al-Kalaam

What is referred to as "ilm al-kalaam" is in reality speech about divinity based upon the conceptual tools and terminology of the philosophy of Aristotle (see here). This conceptual baggage of classifying what is in the universe as ajsaam (bodies) and a'raad (accidents, incidental attributes) was the platform upon which debates took place in the second centjury hijrah and a whole theology was built upon this language. This was initiated by the Jahmiyyah, but developed and codified by the Mu'tazilah in the second century. Other groups appeared who were simply offshoots of the Jahmiyyah and Mu'tazilah and they are the Kullaabiyyah, Karraamiyyah, the Ash'aris, the Maturidis and the Rafidi Shi'ah who adopted the school of the Mu'tazilah. This conceptual baggage had affected previous nations, the Jews, the Christians and the Sabeans who had deviated in the field of Allaah's attributes and likewise the divine decree and it was through them that this foreign conceptual baggage came to the Muslims via al-Ja'd bin Dirham, al-Jahm bin Safwan and the Mu'tazilah, and then later to the Kullaabiyyah, Ash'ariyyah and Maturidiyyah.

A consequence of this baggage was that in order to remain consistent with the rational proof devised to prove the universe is originated (using that language of ajsaam and a'raad), known as huduth al-ajsaam (the origination of bodies), Allaah's names, attributes and actions had to be denied. Otherwise the rational proof could not be validated and sustained. From here, how much denial took place was the subject of dispute between the various factions (Jahmiyyah, Mu'tazilah, Karraamiyyah, Kullaabiyyah, Ash'ariyyah, Maturidiyyah). The Jahmiyyah denied all names, attributes and actions, the Mu'tazilah denied all attributes and actions and pretended to affirm names, the Kullaabiyyah affirmed names and most attributes but denied Allaah's actions and choice (ikhtiyaa, mashee'ah), and the Ash'arites affirmed the names and seven or so attributes and denied what remained, and the Maturidiyyah were similar.

Some of the major symbols of Islamic belief to be undermined through this ilm al-kalaam were:

  • Belief in Allaah's names, attributes and actions in general

  • Denial that Allaah is above His creation, above His Throne

  • Denial that Allaah speaks with actual speech and that the Arabic Qur'an is His uncreated speech

  • Denial that Allaah will be seen in the Hereafter

  • Denial that Allaah acts out of His will and choice and for wisdoms

These were the people scorned and condemned by the Imaams of the Salaf in the second century and beyond, and all of the four Imaams were free and innocent of this ilm al-kalaam, their condemnation of it and its people can be found in abundance in the narrations that are preserved from them and this also establishes that the roots of the Ash'aris and Maturidis are not the Salaf of the second and third centuries, but the Jahmiyyah and Mu'tazilah.

Influence of Ilm al-Kalaam upon the Followers of the Four Madhhabs

Many of the later followers of the four Imaams (Abu Haneefah, Malik, al-Shafi'ee and Ahmad) were influenced by this ilm al-kalaam to varying degrees until all the Hanafis became Maturidiyyah and most of the Shafi'ees became Ash'aris and many of the Malikees likewise. However, this did not really take place until the 5th/6th century onwards (after 400H/500H) because prior to that the people of kalaam in general and the Ash'aris in particular were scorned and despised - a matter firmly recorded in history. But due to factors outside the scope of this article, within a few centuries, by the time of Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, the Ahl al-Kalaam gained prominence, and they essentially cut off the Ummah from the Salaf (since their scholarship only really begins from 400H onwards). This influence was much more pronounced in the Hanafis, Malikis and Shafi'is, and whilst the Hanbalis were not saved from it, it was found to a much lesser degree in them compared to the other madhaahib.

From the numerous Hanbalis who were affected by this ilm al-kalaam include: Abu Abdullah bin Hamid (d. 403H), Abu al-Hasan al-Tamimi, Abu al-Fadl al-Tamimi (d. 410H), Rizqullah al-Tamimi (d.448H), al-Qadi Abu Ya'laa (d. 453H) and his son, Ibn Abi Ya'laa, Ibn Aqeel (d. 513H), Abu al-Hasan Ibn al-Zaghuni (d. 527H) and Ibn al-Jawzee (d.597H). All of these had something of departure, in large, small, or negligible amounts, from the way of Imaam Ahmad, and they attributed (directly or indirectly) to the creed of Imaam Ahmad that which was not from the creed of Imaam Ahmad.

This leads us to our main point in this section which is that Allaamah al-Safaareenee (d. 1112H) was one of these such later Hanbalis (he is much more later than those mentioned earlier). He was another kalaam-influenced Hanbali and in his works on creed many of the influences of kalaam are readily apparent, especially when he discusses the speech (kalaam) of Allaah and the Qur'an and likewise the topics of Allaah's actions and qadar and other areas.

As a result, whilst there is much good in his works, they are sprinkled with mistakes here and there. For this reason, some of the contemporary Salafi scholars made effort to make explanations of his work so as to clarify those errors to protect others from being influenced by them, from them Shaykh Ibn al-Uthaymeen and Shaykh al-Fawzaan. One of the areas in which al-Safaareenee (rahimahullaah) made mistakes is the topic related to Allaah's actions which also penetrates into the arena of al-Qadar.

So in the next installment we are going to elaborate upon this in some further detail to make sure all the foundations are in place before we come to see the ignorance of al-Hajuri and his followers inshaa'Allaah.



Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Related Articles:
Add a Comment (comments are currently moderated)
You must be registered and logged in to comment.


More Topics
The Scholars
Politics & Current Affairs
Ittibaa' & Taqleed
The Innovators
Jihaad
Takfir
Walaa & Baraa'
Latest Articles
Takfir and the Excuse of Ignorance: Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (5) - On Those Who Worship the Righteous Upon Ignorance
A Response to Brixton Mosque's Defence and Implementation of the Innovated Principles of al-Ma'ribi and al-Halabi
The Crimes Of 'Ustadh' Abdul-Rahman Hassan Against The Usul of Salafiyyah: Part 2
The Crimes Of 'Ustadh' Abdul-Rahman Hassan Against The Usul of Salafiyyah: Part 1
The Rulings of the Scholars Upon 'Ustadh' Abdur-Rahman Hasan Who Lied Upon the Prophet
Exonerating the Salafi Da'wah from the Jihadi Narrative of CTI Luton's Video
Takfir and the Excuse of Ignorance: Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen (2)
Tahir Wyatt, Shadeed Muhammad and the 'Nation of Islam': Part 4
Tahir Wyatt, Shadeed Muhammad and the 'Nation of Islam': Part 3
Tahir Wyatt, Shadeed Muhammad and the 'Nation of Islam': Part 2
Search This Site

 Other Websites
 Aqidah.Com - Islamic Belief
 AboveTheThrone.Com
 Asharis.Com
 Maturidis.Com
 Dajjaal.Com - The Antichrist
 Takfiris.Com

Most Popular
Shaykh Ahmad al-Subay'ee: A Beautiful Admonition to a Person of the Sunnah Against Being Fooled By the Trickery of the People Who Desert (Ahl al-Sunnah)
Al-Hasan al-Basree (d. 110H): Al-Hajjaaj bin Yusuf is the Punishment of Allaah
Refutation of Muhammad Muneer Mufti's False Claims Regarding al-Jarh wal-Ta'deel and Warning from and Boycotting the Innovators
Tahir Wyatt, Shadeed Muhammad and the 'Nation of Islam': Part 1
Taqi ud-Din an-Nabahani and Hizb ut-Tahrir: Between the Divine Methodology of Rectification and the Secular Materialistic Methodologies of Socio-Political Change Through Party Politics
The Rulings of the Scholars Upon 'Ustadh' Abdur-Rahman Hasan Who Lied Upon the Prophet
The Conference of Green Lane Mosque (Singers and Ikhwanis) and Internal Politics: Part 4 - Protecting the Historical Record From Distortion and Neglect
The Administration of Green Lane Masjid, Abu Usamah Khaleefah and Lies Pertaining to Kamal al-Mekki's Magic
Ibn Abil-Izz al-Hanafi: Allaah Empowers Tyrannical, Oppressive Rulers Over the Subjects Due to Their Own Oppression and Corruption
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan Warns From Studying with the Likes of al-Hajuri Who Cause People to Doubt About Their Aqidah

Tags
abdul-haqq baker abdul-qadir baksh abdul-rahman hasan abdur-rahman abdul-khaaliq abdur-raoof muhammad abdur-ra'uf muhammad abu al-hasan al-ma'ribee abu usamah abu usamah khaleefah abul-hasan al-ma'ribee adnan abdul-qaadir adnan ar'oor ahmad al-subay'ee al-albaanee al-albani al-fawzaan al-fawzan al-haajooree al-halabi ali hasan al-halabi al-jabiri al-jarh wal-ta'deel al-jarh wal-ta'dil al-lajnah ad-daa'imah al-maghrib al-maghrib institute al-ma'ribi ba'thism bazmul brixton masjid brotherhood communism cti luton dammaaj egypt excuse of ignorance ghulaat ghuluww green lane mosque green lane mosque groups haajooree haddaadiyah haddaadiyyah haddadiyyah hajaawirah hajooriyyah halabiyyah hasan al-banna hizbiyyah ibn uthaimeen ibn uthaymin ibrahim al-ruhaylee innovators irjaa islamic awakening jamaa'aat jam'iyyah ihyaa al-turaath jam'iyyah ihyaa al-turah jihadi narrative kamal al-mekki luton cti madeenah.com markaz jam'iyyah ahl al-hadith marxism mhbay muwaazanah nation of islam oppression permanent committee qutbiyyah refutations ruhaylee rulership saalih al-fawzaan salafiyyah salman al-awdah sects shadeed muhammad shaykh ibn uthaymeen sinners suhaib hasan tahir wyatt takfir tamyee' taqi ud-din an-nabahani tawfique chowdhury tawhid tazkiyah tazlyah tyranny ubayd al-jaabiree uic unity what is manhaj? yahya al-hajuri yasir qadhi yemen

Archives
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010


© Manhaj.Com. All rights reserved.
Arabic Verb Flashcards videos.