Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen: Is the Science of al-Jarh wal-Ta'deel Dead?
Thursday, December 16 2010 - by Manhaj.Com
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This was published on Sahab.Net and is a nice refutation of those the who are upon the manhaj of the likes of al-Ar'oor, al-Ma'ribee, al-Halabee and others.

فضيلة العلامة محمد بن صالح العثيمين : أنا أخشى أن تكون هذه كلمة حق أريد بها باطل ، الجرح والتعديل لم يَمُت ولم يدفن ولم يمرض ولله الحمد ، هو قائم ، الجرح والتعديل يكون في الشهود عند القاضي ، يمكن يجرحون الخصم ويطلب منهم البينة ، ويكون - أيضًا - في الرواية ، وقد سمعنا قراءة إمامنا قول الله تعالى : ( يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنْ جَاءَكُمْ فَاسِقٌ بِنَبَإٍ فَتَبَيَّنُوا ) .

فالجرح والتعديل لا يزال باقيًا ما دام نوع الإنسان باقيًا ، ما دام نوع الإنسان باقيًا ؛ فالجرح والتعديل باقيًا . لكن أنا أخشى أن يقول قائل : إن هذا الإنسان مجروح وليس بمجروح فيتخذ من هذه الفتوى وسيلة لنشر معايب الخلق .

ولهذا أقول : إذا كان في شخص عيب ما ، فإن اقتضت المصلحة ، أو الحاجة ، أو الضرورة إلى بيانه . فلا بأس به ، لا بأس من بيانه ، ولكن الأحسن أن يقول : بعض الناس يفعل كذا ، بعض الناس يقول كذا ، لسببين :

السبب الأول : أن يسلم من قضية التعيين .

والسبب الثاني : أن يكون هذا الْحكم شاملا له ولغيره .

إلا إذا رأينا شخصًا معينًا قد فُتِن الناس به ، وهو يدعو إلى بِدْعة أو إلى ضلالة ، فحينئذ لا بد من التعيين حتى لا يغتر الناس به

Here is the translation:

I fear that this is a statement of truth by which falsehood is intended. Al-Jarh wal-Ta'deel has not died and nor has it been buried, and nor has it become ill, and all praise is due to Allaah. It is established, al-Jarh wal-Ta'deel occurs with respect to witnesses with the judge, it is possible that they are disparaging a disputant and they are requested for evidence, and it also occurs in reports (riwaayah) and we have heard the recitation of our imaam [referring to the prayer they must have just prayed in which this verse was recited by the imaam], "O you who believe, when a faasiq comes to you with news, then verify it" (49:6).

So al-Jarh wal-Ta'deel has never ceased to remain, so long as something from humanity remains, so long as something from humanity remains, then al-Jarh wal-Ta'deel remains. However, I fear that a person might say, "This person is disparaged" but he is not disparaged, and hence this fatwa is taken as a means to spread the faults of the creation.

For this reason, I say: When there is a fault in a person, if the best interest, or need, or necessity requires for it to be explained, then there is no harm in that, there is no harm in it being explained (to the people), however it is better for it to be said, "Some people do such and such, and some people say such and such" for two reasons. The first reason is that avoids the issue of specifying (names) and the second reason is that this ruling incorporates (the person intended) and others (to whom it would also apply).

Except that when we see a specific person by which the people have been put to trial, and he is calling to his innovation or to misguidance, then there is no escape from specifying (his person) so that the people are not put to trial by him.

From this statement are benefits:

  • That al-Jarh wal-Ta'deel will remain so long as humanity remains, it is neither abrogated, dead, buried or sick. Rather, it is an established, ongoing affair.

  • That where the best interest, need, or necessity requires that a fault in a person be clarified to the people, it is best done without specifying that person, so that the correction achieved by this clarification is of benefit to all others who may also have this same fault.

  • Unless, it is a case of person calling to innovation and misguidance, in that case, it is absolutely necessary to specify his name and warn from his innovation or misguidance to protect the people.

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